Oil palm seedlings (Tenera Seedling) require an evenly distributed annual rainfall of 2000 mm without a defined dry season. Best oil palm yields are obtained in places where a maximum average temperature of 29-33 degrees and a minimum average temperature of 22-24 degrees are available.
- Tenera seedling requires 1800-2000 sunlight hours annually, more than 300 cal/cm2/per day, constant sunlight of at least 5 hours per day for better oil palm yield.
- Moist, deep, and well-drained medium-textured soils rich in humus content are considered ideal for the propagation of these crops.
- Gravelly and sandy soils, particularly the coastal sands are not ideal for oil palm cultivation. Heavy clay soils with poor drainage properties may pose problems of aeration during rainy seasons.
- Earlier harvest of Tenera (22 – 24months), compared to 36 – 48 months of SIRM standard seedling.
- The first-year harvest can be up to 7 to 8 tons FFB per hectare.
- Tenera seedlings can grow up to 25 years.
- This Tenera seedling is resistant to diseases like Ganoderma and basal stem rot virus.
- Higher oil-to-bunch ratio, more than 25% bigger seed, thinner shell, and smaller kernel.
- Tenera seedling has a longer tree lifecycle, 30 years of fruit-bearing, therefore the income period is longer.
- Although fertilizer application is advised, Tenera seedlings can thrive well without fertilizers.
- They have more female flowers, the ratio is 2 times higher than the normal species.
- Shorter tree, easy to reach, subsequently, the harvesting cost is reduced.
- Tree diameter and circumference is bigger, supports more branches and fruits, reduction of gravity effect allows easy transfer of nutrients from the soil to fruit.
- A wider gap between the leaf stems of Tenera seedling results in increased photosynthesis for more robust growth.