Hot cayenne pepper is a thin-walled, attractive fruit that is bright red both fresh and dried. The cayenne pepper produces a flavour that is sweet and hot. Cayenne is used in cooking spicy dishes either as a powder or in its whole form. It is also used as a herbal supplement. They mature early and produce high yields for producers. They are also widely adapted to tropical conditions.
Product features of Hot Cayenne Pepper
- Latin Name: Capsicum annuum
- Sunlight: Full Sun
- Height: 24 Inches
- Life cycle: Annual
- Hybrid Status: Open-pollinated
- Colour: Red
Requirements for Production
Light: The cayenne pepper plant will grow best when exposed to full sunlight for at least eight hours per day.
Soil: Cayenne pepper plants require moist, well-drained, fertile soil with a neutral pH. More acidic soil can produce peppers that are spicier than normal. If you are unsure, it may be worth conducting a soil pH level test.
Water: Watering cayenne pepper plants can be a delicate process. They do require moist soil, but overwatering is a problem too. If the soil becomes either too dry or too saturated, the plant’s foliage can turn yellow. A deep watering every few days at the base of the plant is generally beneficial. Mulching around the plant can be a helpful way to conserve moisture.
Temperature and Humidity: The cayenne pepper plant is a warm-weather species native to tropical regions, and it requires consistently warm temperatures to survive. These plants cannot withstand extremes in temperatures, either heat or cold. Temperatures consistently below 55 degrees Fahrenheit will result in slow growth and leaf discolouration. Temperatures below 32 degrees Fahrenheit will damage or kill the plants, and nighttime temperatures above 75 degrees Fahrenheit can impact pepper production levels.
Fertilizer: Cayenne peppers will grow well in rich, fertile soil. If your soil is not particularly rich and you plant to use a fertilizer, make sure it isn’t one with high nitrogen levels. This will direct energy towards impressive foliar growth rather than fruit production.
Diseases and growth problems
- To prevent bacterial spots and Phytophthora, drip irrigates only, plant only in well-drained soils, minimize soil compaction, and follow a 4-year crop rotation.
- Sunscald is caused by an inadequate foliage canopy.
- Prevent blossom end rot with adequate soil calcium and regular moisture.
- Big bushy plants with few peppers can be caused by an excess of nitrogen, hot or cold temperature extremes during the flowering period, tarnished plant bug injury, and choice of late, poorly-adapted varieties.