Papaya Solo -Carica papaya L. is a small fruit variety well adapted to export and local markets!
• Weight: 350 to 450 g
• Long shape (hermaphrodite fruit)
• Round shape with some ribs (female fruit)
• Red and sweet flesh
• 30 to 50 fruits by tree
• 40 to 50 t/ha (in 28 months)
• Continuous production in a year
- Hot tropical climate (around 25°C)
- Low amplitude of temperature and hydrometry
- Pluviometry divided up all the year (1500 to 2000 mm/year) or anticipate irrigation during the drought.
- High of humus, good drain, and aery soil
- Avoid windy locations (or use break wind)
- In nursery
- In bed or pot
- In a substrate compound of 2/3 of garden mold + 1/6 of humus + 1/6 of sand (good mixed).
- Seeds need:300 g/ha
- Germination after 15 to 20 days
- Time in the nursery: 7 to 8 weeks
- When plantlet have 4-5 true leaves (plant high: 30-50 cm)
- Size of the hole for the plantation: 60 cm deep and 70 cm broad
- Density: between 1,5 and 2 m of inter-ranks or in double lines spaced of4 m
- 2-3 plants by hole
- Mix in the earth of filling, 20 to 25 kg of the farmyard, 1 kg of magnesian calcium hydroxide or dolomite, and 600 grams of phosphate.
There are 3 types of plants in papaya solo:
- Female plants: their flowers are bigger at the beginning and more and more fine until the end. They produce ribbed round fruits not adapted to the export market. The plants have to be removed.
- Male plants: their flowers are really fine at the beginning and are a little more bulbous at their extremity. Often male plants are the first to flower. They are organized in a long pendulous panicle branched at the leaf axil: 50 to 75 cm in length. These male plants, which do not give fruits must be pulled out.
- Hermaphrodites plants: flowers are bulbous at the beginning and pumped up at the end extremity.
MAINTENANCE AND FERTILIZATION
- Papaya Solo requires regular weeding
- Mulching (if necessary)
- Organic dressing: 30 to 50 kg of farmyard or compost per tree
- Mineral dressing: in 3 or 4 applications per year and tree: 250 to 300 g of nitrogen, 250 g of phosphoric acid, 500 g of potash.
- Regular watering (in the dry season a minimum of 120 to 150 mm/month has to be brought)
COMMON PESTS AND DISEASES OF PAPAYA SOLO
- Powdery mildew
- Mosaic virus
- Papaya ring spot virus (PRSV)
- Nursery during 7 to 8 weeks (in West Africa often in September-October)
- Plantation when leaflet has 4-5 true leaves (->january-february)
- Start of flowering: 5 months after the plantation
- First harvest: 9 to 10 months after the plantation