Yam seeds are gotten from Yam (Dioscorea spp.)— a major staple and cash crop for millions of households in West Africa, where about 93% of the world crop is produced. The tuber serves as food. Depending on the size, seed tubers are often cut into setts, mini-setts, or planted whole.
Features of Yam seeds
- These yam seeds commonly produce yam crops with improved cholesterol level and antimicrobial effects.
- They require very little attention and management and grow rapidly in warmer months.
- The yam seeds possess structure that aid healthy water retention and growth.
- The seeds give rise to perennial tubers which can be harvested after 7 to 12 months’ growth.
- The seed tubers are generally highly viable and healthy, thus supporting a high yield rate.
- They are more resistant to most viral, fungal and nematode diseases.
- The seeds do well with light mulching. Organic mulch like bark chips, sugarcane or pea straw will ensure moisture retention in the soil.
- Yam seeds typically need a spacing of about 50cm between rows.
- They are packed with fiber, vitamins, and minerals.
- They contain a unique compound called diosgenin, which enhances memory and brain function.
- They help to alleviate symptoms of menopause and also improve blood sugar control.
- They possess cancer-fighting properties and promote improved digestive health.
- The rich antioxidant content in them to helps reduce inflammation related to various diseases.
- They have improved cholesterol levels and help with healthy weight loss.