Livacox is a trivalent vaccine used to prevent coccidiosis in broiler chickens caused by Eimeria acervulina, E. maxima and E. tenella.
- The vaccine contains live attenuated coccidian oocysts and is potent enough to elicit preventative mechanisms against coccidian organisms.
- Livacox vaccine provides the correct dose of attenuated oocysts for the first cycle of infection.
Livacox: Active substances
One dose contains coccidian oocysts of:
|Eimeria acervulina||300 – 500|
|Eimeria tenella||300 – 500|
|Eimeria maxima||300 – 500|
- Vaccination to prevent coccidiosis in broiler chickens caused by Eimeria acervulina, E. maxima and E. tenella.
- One dose of live attenuated coccidian oocysts should be given before exposure to infection by field coccidians.
- From 1 day of age administer Livacox T in drinking water or by spray.
- Give no less than one full dose of vaccine per chick.
- Store the vaccine at 2 to 8 °C, do not allow it to freeze.
- Protect from sunlight and moisture.
- Chickens develop immunity against coccidiosis after repeated cycles of infection by coccidians.
- The oocysts hatch in the birds’ gut and the coccidians multiply. After about 5 days the next generation of oocysts are shed in faeces and onto the litter.
- The second and third cycles of infection occur when the chicks eat the sporulated oocysts in the litter. Each cycle takes 6 to 10 days.
- The oocysts on the litter must sporulate to become infective. Sporulation requires warm temperature (25 to 30 °C), moisture and oxygen.
- Farmers should note that the temperature, bird density, and litter moisture must be managed to ensure sporulation and successful completion of the second and third cycles of infection.
- Low bird density may result in a dry litter, inadequate sporulation and inadequate intake of oocysts.
- Chicks should not be transferred to pens with new litter before 28 days-of-age.
- Anticoccidial drugs must not be given from 2 days before until 14 days after the vaccine is administered.