ND Oil Emulsion Vaccine
ND Oil Emulsion Vaccine is an inactivated vaccine containing the Komarov strain which is used for protection against Newcastle disease in chicken and turkeys.
- Newcastle disease (ND), caused by viruses in the serotype avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1), is an acute viral disease of domestic poultry and many other bird species.
- ND is a worldwide problem that ranges clinically from inapparent to a rapidly fatal condition characterized by gastrointestinal, respiratory and/or nervous signs.
- This Newcastle disease oil emulsion vaccine contains the Komarov strain.
- Store the vaccine at 2ºC-8ºC, protected from direct sunlight.
- Apply stringent aseptic procedure.
- Ensure that you warm vaccine to room temperature (20ºC-25ºC) just before use.
- Shake well before and during use.
- Use by instructions of a veterinarian.
- Vaccinate only a healthy flock.
- Discard unused vaccine.
ND Oil: Administration and dosage
- 0.5 ml per bird subcutaneously (S.C.)
- Newcastle disease is an infection of domestic poultry and other bird species caused by the virulent strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV).
- Note that chickens are the most susceptible to ND, waterfowl the least susceptible of all domestic poultry.
- The virus is shed through exhaled air, respiratory discharges, and faeces.
- The severity of the disease caused by NDV depends on the virulence of the infecting virus and host susceptibility.
- Clinical manifestations vary from high morbidity/mortality to asymptomatic infections. The severity of infection depends on virus virulence, bird age, immune status, and host susceptibility.
- Observed signs depend on the systemic predilection of the virus (respiratory, digestive, or nervous systems).
- Respiratory signs include gasping, coughing, sneezing, and rales.
- Nervous signs: Tremors, paralyzed wings/legs, twisted necks, circling, clonic spasms, and sometimes complete paralysis.