Neem plant (Azadirachta Indica) is grown for its oil. They grow in arid, hot climates and they require moderate water for their growth. The plant, grown from Neem seedlings, is also known as Dongoyaro, Indian Neem, Nim, Margosa tree. Neem can be processed into oil, seed cake, foliage, seed oil cake, seed kernel cake.
Neem trees can reach up to 15-30cm in height. It possesses a deep taproot, has alternate leaves and its fruits are 1-2cm long drupes which are smooth and green with white milky juice when unripe.
Neem can be consumed both in raw or cooked form. Neem seedlings require a temperature as high as 40°C and can grow on a wide range of soils that are acidic to alkaline.
Neem Seedlings: Plant Properties
- Neem plant is easy to process. It can be from crushing the seeds, boiling the leaves or roasting.
- Neem tree is also grown for their timber. The tree can be propagated both sexually and asexually.
- Neem serves as a moisturizer to the skin as it helps to keep it soft. Neem clears acne, cures skin infection and other pigmentation.
- Neem is used in shampoos for treating dandruff. It is also used in the making of hair creams.
- Neem can act as a fungicide to control rust, mildew, scab and blights.
- The bark of the Neem tree can be used to cure malaria, intestinal ulcer, fever and skin diseases.
- The fruit of Neem is used for haemorrhoids, diabetes, leprosy and other ailments.
- The succulent and tender part of the shoot and flower can be eaten as vegetables.
- Neem contains phytochemicals such as catechin, Quercetin, carotenes, vitamin C and several polyphenols.