The farrowing crate is a uniquely coupled metal cage in which pregnant sows are housed from approximately five days before birth. This continues until their piglets are weaned at approximately 28 days of age.
This equipment helps reduce piglet mortality as it reduces the risk of the piglets being crushed by the sow by controlling her movements, particularly when lying down.
Advantages of using the farrowing crates
In addition to reducing the risk of crushing, the farrowing crate has become the main form of maternity housing for pigs. It has the following advantages:
- Economical: When compared to most indoor housing options, the farrowing crate is relatively economical.
- Space Saving: a typical farrowing crate can fit into a floor footprint of only 3.6 square meters per sow and litter.
- Efficient: the farrowing crate allows efficient working conditions. They facilitate relatively high levels of hygiene and minimal mucking out.
- Safe: as the sow is constrained to the dimensions of the crate, it affords relatively safe conditions for stock people, especially when having to handle piglets.
Farrowing crates are thus considered to be economical, efficient and safe with maximizing piglet survival.
- Restraining of the sow close to the farrowing date
- Fixed or adjustable keep-off rods, thus reduces the risk of piglet losses due to crushing.
- Provides sow with a comfortable resting area.
- Drinker set for both the sow and the piglets
- Made of hot-dip galvanized steel
- Can be adjusted in width and its design allows for a complete opening.
- Easy to mount.
- Easy tiltable trough for thorough and easy cleaning.