All Categories
Previous slide
Next slide

Table of Contents

With the continuous rise of agricultural ventures in Nigeria, there are a variety of sections individuals can get involved and one of such is snail farming. Snail farming is a lucrative business venture and is one of the most profitable farming business in Nigeria currently.

Here is an extract of the monthly online training session for the month of December, which held on Friday, 27th of December 2019 where we discussed how to start profitable snail farming in Nigeria. The training was facilitated by Dr Akintomide, T. Olayinka who has a PhD in Veterinary Medicine and specialization in Snail & Fish Production & Health Management. He is the CEO of Oak Ventures.

The facilitator dwelt basically on snail production using this training outline:

  • Introduction
  • Snail housing system
  • Snail feed and feeding
  • Challenges in farming snails
  • Socio-economics of snail farming
  • Questions

Hours before the training began, the facilitator shared a PDF file that contained details on the training, you can download it below:

There are 4 key factors to animal farming;

  • Host
  • Housing
  • Feeds and feeding techniques
  • Environment & Management

First, we need to understand what snails are like:

  • They’re omnivorous – feed on plants and animals
  • They are almost defenceless, thus adapt to night lifestyle (nocturnal)
  • They stay within the shell until the weather is cool and humid
  • They’re also active when it rains – because it’s cool and humid as well
  • They eat and play around during the night hours. Thus feeding is usually once a day.

The importance of these are:

  • Their feeding is usually limited to late in the evening/night hour
  • When the weather is harsh (dry, hot), they hibernate or aestivate (sealing off with the off-white Epiphargm. When you see the “sealing mat” on the ‘face”, you know something is wrong – this could be the weather, pest irritation, or dryness

Snails are hermaphrodites – both sexes in 1 snail, though they cross-fertilize

snail house


Snail pen or housing is of utmost importance because it protects them from harm, poor weather condition. The housing must also protect them from pests and predators. You can use virtually anything to restrict their movement. However, they must be comfortable in a cool and moist environment that is stress free.

Snails of interest to me are the African Giant Snails:
1) Achatina Achatina
2) Achatina Fulica (both with relatively pointed apex, but different shell pattern)
3) Achachatina Marginata – curved apex. They are the biggest species of land Snails in Africa, and one of the best species in the world

Achatina Achatina lays 80-350 eggs at once, one to three times in a year
Achatina Fulica lays 100-400 eggs about six times in a year
Achachatina Marginata lays just 6-14 eggs four times in a year
(above are personal findings)


snail eating

Snail has weak (chitinous) teeth which they use to rasp on food mats – leaves, fruits, softened meat. Just like babes, they love tasty food mats that are soft + less fibrous. Thus they love ripe succulent fruits more e.g. pawpaw, citrus, melon (watermelon).

You can try them on your tasty (well seasoned) cooked food – the smell attracts them and the taste makes them almost lose control. Really, your cooked seasoned spaghetti, fried garnished egg are also food to them. Actually they can eat anything that you can eat, so far it’s soft, well scented and tasty.

However, you’ll like to feed them with rich, economic feed (feed concentrate or feed combinations) that encourages fast growth. I actually formulate feed (using similar ingredients to poultry feed richer though) to feed them.

In doing such, you must know that changing their feed (from one type to the other) must be gradual and systematically done – otherwise your snails will rush at the good feed and thereafter start dying.

They should be supplied with potable water and be sure they drink it. This is better seen when you serve them with tasty drinks – tea, soft drinks. They can be fed with almost anything, especially what babies would love. However, they hardly eat grass.

When feeding them, select your feed items in such a way that you have:
– Quality
– Soft (and tasty – if possible)
– Less fibrous (leaves)

Hygiene is essential in any livestock farming


To have a good look at their management, let’s understand their life cycle

Snail Eggs (egg look like lizard eggs) hatch into Snail Hatchlings within

  • Achachatina Marginata: 2 – 4 weeks about 16-18mm when the weather is good.
  • Achatina Fulica: 2 weeks – about 4mm in diameter
  • Achatina Achatina: 3 weeks – about 8mm (average diameter)
    (from personal observations)

They are hermaphrodites, so all supposed to lay – thus geometric multiplication
They get matured when their shell-turns (whorls) are:

  • Achachatina Marginata: 5¼ – laying should start thereafter
  • Achatina Achatina: 6¼ whorls
  • Achatina Fulica: 6¼
    (personal observations)
snail eggs

Thus, you can actually select Snails of the same type (2 upward) to start your farming. When farming commercially, you have to select your stock type – the species of choice

Your system of farming – are you using the paddock system or cage system
The feed and feeding pattern should be known whether concentrate or leaves/fruit or other types (as in the slides)

Your Snails may reach market weight (when well managed) at 4-7 months, depending on feed and other factors earlier outlined
Ensure that you manage the housing (good hygiene + good feeding)

Questions From Participants

Question: Since snails feed at night, does that mean we should provide light in their house at night or can they find their food without light?
Response: No, they can smell their feed.

Question: What are the rich formulation ingredients?
Response: Thanks for asking – the protein content > 30%
Energy >3000kCal

Question: I heard if you want to engage in an open paddock system then the soil has to be treated. How is it treated, sir?
Response: Yes – to treat indwelling ants, you can use chemicals. When using chemicals, allow 4 to 5 heavy rain to drain off the chemicals before stocking

Question: As a starter who intends to farm on a commercial scale, which housing system will you advise?
Response: Both the tiered cage system and the paddock system are good, depending on your time (availability – if not much time use paddock) and space

Question: Thank you, Doctor, I want to know the best means to farm snails
Response: Your personality (time, availability/having a serious attendant), cash at hand, type of land (soil type) and few other factors will determine the advice to give – no hard and fast rules.

Question: What minimum amount will be required to float this kind of business?
Response: Depending on your scale. I usually advise starting with about 250-500 snails (minimum) for commercial-sized farming.
That may cost, depending on some factors, about N500,000 – if paddock system.
Your material type (wood/metallic frame)

Question: How can we prevent epiphragm in snail and if seen how can it be curbed especially in the cage system housing
Response: It tells you that your management is poor or whether to improve it.
Could be due to: Pen dryness, no feed, pest distress

Question: Where can I see the snail to buy?
Response: You may use wild Snails – but must make sure they’re not starved/poorly handled.
You can buy on Click here.

Question: Is concrete flooring advisable?
Response: Depending on your location, soil-dwelling pests such as ants.
If you do, ensure proper drainage.

Question: Is there a buyback market?
Response: Yes. We have both local and international outlets.

Question: Can pasteurizing the soil be a good method of treating the soil, and if yes, how often should one do it. Or is it a once and for all thing?. If No, which is the best method?
Response: Yes, you can but how practicable is that.

Question: Of the three types of the snail you mentioned, which would you advise to start up with, in terms of hardiness, and low mortality.
Response: It depends on:

  • Your clients
  • Your interest
  • The target market
    e.g. if you want fast-growing Snails/high fecundity – Achatina Fulica: but the meat is very soft. This isn’t good for the African market but European (love soft meat)


You can purchase Good Quality Breeder Snails (Archachatina Marginata | African Giant Snail | 200-250g) from Dr. Akintomide, T. Olayinka here. He is the author of the following books available on Afrimash:

Previous slide
Next slide

Did you enjoy reading this?

Let's give you more insight on more contents like this



28 thoughts on “How To Start Profitable Snail Farming In Nigeria

  1. Oluwatominiyi kehinde says:

    I am really interested in this business,all said so far are appreciated but if possible would like to have an on farm training, and sighting. If possible pls revert to me so I can know d cost.

    1. Hello Oluwatominiyi,

      Thank you for reaching out to us.
      As regards your enquiry, we have another training on snail farming coming up soon. Kindly subscribe to our email for updates:
      You can also get our ebook on snail farming via the link below:

      Thank you for choosing Afrimash

  2. Adekojo Adewale says:

    Thanks for the post. Where is your farm located?

    1. Goodness Eshett says:

      Hello Adejoko,

      Thank you for the feedback, I am glad you enjoyed the post
      Afrimash is an e-commerce platform where distributors, manufacturers and farmer sell their farm inputs to our customers
      Our goal is to make farming convenient for farmers by providing them with quality farm inputs and training in relevant aspects of agriculture for farmers

      To view our products available, click the link below:

      You can subscribe to our email for notification on available training dates and products:

      Thank you for choosing Afrimash

  3. Johnson Ogbemudia says:

    Good day sir, I learned about your lecture on snail farming and I think I am interested in d snail farm, my constrain is I live in Who state, how do I get access to the babe snail if I am to start, how do I build a house for them at my backyard and how do I get your book to guide me when I want to get started?. In addition, does it require more time because I am a public servant.

    1. Goodness Eshett says:

      Hello Johnson,

      Thank you for reaching out to us
      As regards your enquiry, we deliver snails (including baby snails) nationwide, you can click the link below to place your order;

      To get detailed knowledge on snail farming and practical instructions, place an order for our ebook on snail farming by clicking the link below:

      We have a series of training from time to time on snail farming, to get an update on the next training date, click the link to subscribe to our newsletter:

      You can also reach us via:
      Call: (+234) 809 409 1115
      WhatsApp: (234) 808 280 8271

      Thank you for choosing Afrimash

      1. Okoh Precious Ejemen says:

        Thank you for the lecture on the snail farming. My question is how much do I need to start the snail business including setting up the cage.

        1. Goodness Eshett says:

          Hello Okoh,

          Thank you for reaching out to us
          As regards your enquiry, kindly click the link below to get our ebook on snail farming;

          Thank you for choosing Afrimash

  4. victory says:

    do snails hatch their eggs by them selves,and how long does it takes to hatch after laying eggs

    1. Goodness Eshett says:

      Hello Victory,

      Thank you for reaching out to us
      As regards your enquiry, you can get our ebook on Snail Farming to get updated information and knowledge on snail rearing
      Click the link below to get Ebook:

      Thank you for choosing Afrimsh

  5. abimbola says:

    good morning

    thanks so much for this writeup. i have tried my hand on small scale snail farming, but lost all snail due to insect bite.
    interested in commercial snail farming. is there a farm i can visit for training?.


    1. Goodness Eshett says:

      Hello Abimbola,

      Thank you for reaching out to us,
      Afrimash is an e-commerce platform that makes farming convenient for farmers by giving them access to farm inputs, veterinary services and training in relevant agriculture fields

      We have an Ebook on snail farming by one of our training facilitators, you can get it through the link below:

      Also, for veterinary support on your farm, you can book a session with a vet doctor on;

      Thank you for choosing Afrimash

  6. UMORU mohammed says:

    Thank you for the information you you posted on online l have gone through the your write up. I want to go into snail farming.

    1. Goodness Eshett says:

      Hello Umoru,

      Thank you for reaching out to us,
      I am glad you enjoyed the post, for your quest on starting snail farming, we have an ebook on snail farming by one of the training facilitators,
      You can access the ebook through the link below:

      Thank you for choosing Afrimash

    2. Elvis says:

      How do start this small business

  7. Agricincome says:

    Thanks for sharing this awesome piece.
    Snail farming at a glance,

    1. Ayo says:

      Thanks for your time to share this. Is there any snail farmer in Akure?

      1. Hello Ayo,

        Thank you for reaching out to us.

        To know more about snail farming and enjoy access to our snail consultants, kindly join the next edition of our 3 days intensive online training on snail farming.

        How to Register:
        Make your payment using the account details below:

        Bank Name: UBA Plc
        Account name: AFRIMASH COMPANY LIMITED
        Account Number: 2129087920

        Send your proof of payment to [email protected]

        We look forward to having you at the training

  8. Sunshine says:

    Tnx for the information, I’m interested in snail farming. Please is there any snail farmer in port Harcourt?

    1. Goodness Eshett says:

      Hello Sunshine,

      I am glad the blogpost was of great benefit to you
      To participate in our online training on snail farming this month, kindly subscribe to our email notification through the link below:

      The training will give you an opportunity to learn and network with seasoned snail farmers from all over Nigeria

      Don’t forget to place an order for our quality breeder and point of lay snails to help you start your farming business

      We are here to serve you, reach out to us via:
      Call: (+234) 809 409 1115
      WhatsApp: (234) 808 280 8271
      Email: [email protected]

      Thank you for choosing Afrimash

    2. Oladiran Famurewa says:

      This is awesome. Agribusiness made easy. Thanks

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Shopping cart

To order, Call: 07045752403 (Livestock), 09160006001 (Equipment), or WhatsApp: 08094091115

Sign in

No account yet?

0 Wishlist
0 items Cart