Pumpkin seed is also known as Pepita with botanical name, Cucurbita maxima of the family Cucurbitaceae is an edible seed of a pumpkin. It is native of South America and was first commonly grown in Brazil.
- Pumpkin seed is a rich source of protein, fiber, iron, potassium, and other nutrients.
- They are chemically composed of 2% water, 49% fat, and 30% protein.
- They are edible, oval-shaped, green seeds.
- They possess a nutty taste and are crunchy when roasted.
- They are also a good source of magnesium and zinc.
- They are fresh and can be preserved over a long time.
- Sprouting begins after 7-14 days.
- They have a high fibre content.
- They are high in antioxidants.
- They are resistant to viral and fungal attacks.
- The optimum range for its germination is 25-30°c.
Planting requirements of Pumpkin seed
- They require full exposure to the sun and are best planted during the warm season.
- The soil’s pH should be between 6.0-6.8.
- Organic and nitrogen-based fertilizer is needed.
- Pumpkin seeds improve sleep because of a certain amino acid; tryptophan that they possess.
- They improve health conditions and reduce blood glucose levels.
- They improve sperm quality in men.
- They aid in bone formation.
- They are used in the production of oils necessary for good health.
- They assist the body in improving its insulin regulation.
- They reduce arthritis pain because of their anti-inflammatory properties.