Bitter Kola Seedling
Bitter Kola Seedling, also known as Garcinia kola is a species of flowering plant in the Clusiaceae or Guttiferae family. It is found in Benin, Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sierra Leone.
- Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
- The fruit, seeds, nuts, and bark of the plant have been used for centuries in folk medicine to treat ailments from coughs to fever.
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Cultivation of bitter kola seedling
- Garcinia kola trees grow in humid rainforests near the coast as medium-sized trees that can tolerate shade.
- G. kola seeds have both seed coat dormancy and physiological dormancy probably imposed by the chemicals in the seed.
- Seed coat dormancy of Garcinia kola can be reduced by removing the seed coat before sowing, while physiological dormancy can be reduced by soaking in water for 72 hours.
- Removal of the seed coat, soaking in water for 72 hours, placing inside air-tight transparent polythene bags, and sprinkling water on the seeds, when needed for constant moisture, gives an early germination period of two weeks, while the combination of freshly harvested seeds, pierced minimally and tied in black nylon reduces the germination period to between five and seven days as the piercing or nicking procedure makes for quick availability of water and oxygen to the seed embryo.